He was born in Rajguru family of Khurda kingdom. The members of Rajguru family worked hereditarily as the political, military and spiritual advisors to the King. As per family tradition he learnt every form of martial arts including horse riding from early age. As his age progressed he became proficient in Ayurveda, religion and spiritualism.
At the age of 41 during the reign of Dibyasingha Deva II, he was appointed as Rajguru. Unfortunately Dibyasingha Deva II breathed his last in 1798 leaving the throne and administration in turmoil. British east India Company had conspired with the younger brother of the deceased king to take over Khurda kingdom.
Dubious plans of Colonialists failed because of sincere effort of Jayi Rajguru. Mukunda Deva II, the minor son of the deceased King ascended the throne of Khurda in 1798. As the new king was minor Jayee Rajguru acted as regent to look after the affairs of entire administration of the Kingdom.
Marathas were also intruders in Odisha. To end Maratha menace, Jayi Rajguru had sought support of the British. He also managed to get a promise from the British commander-in-chief regarding return of Rahang, Sarai, Chabishkud and Lembei Paragana’s of Khurda kingdom, which had been occupied by Marathas.
But Jayi Rajguru also got prepared a war against the British. The colonial intruders could not be tolerated by him. When the British officials came to know about this, Gajapati Mukundadev and Jayi Rajguru were arrested. Both were lodged in the then Balasore district jail, which is now in Medinipur district of West Bengal.
The trial of Jayee Rajguru took place at Baghitota in Midnapore. In answer to the question of Col. Harcourt, Jayee Rajguru boldly confessed that the King was a child. What had been done was his handiwork. Death sentence was awarded to Jayee Rajguru after his trial. He was brutally killed by the British soldiers on August 9, 1806. Two strong branches of a large banyan tree were brought together by force and his legs were tied to them. The branches of the tree were released to spring apart and tear the body of the martyr into two.
Today, on his birthday Argus News family pays respects to this great freedom fighter and first martyr of Odisha.